Loss of Polish citizenship
The loss of Polish citizenship is governed by Article 34 section 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. In the Constitution, it is provided that a Polish citizen shall not lose Polish citizenship except by renunciation thereof. According to Article 46 of the Act, a Polish citizen loses Polish citizenship at his/her request, after the President of the Republic of Poland has granted consent to renounce his/her Polish citizenship.
Loss of Polish citizenship shall come into force 30 days from the date of the issuance of a respective decision by the President, or after a shorter period, should the President decide accordingly (Article 49, Sections 2 and 3). The consent to renounce Polish citizenship granted to parents, applies to children being under their custody. In case the consent to renounce Polish citizenship is granted to one parent, it applies to a minor under his/her custody, if the other parent has no parental custody, or he/she has agreed for the child to lose Polish citizenship. If the child has turned 16, this shall come into effect only with his/her consent. Application on the consent to renounce Polish citizenship can be submitted by persons residing in Poland, to the President of the Republic of Poland, through a Voivode, whereas for persons living abroad – through a consul. The application should be delivered personally or by mail, with an officially certified signature. Documents issued in a foreign language shall be submitted with their translation into Polish, prepared by a sworn translator or a consul of the Republic of Poland. Specimen application for the consent to renounce Polish citizenship is specified by an Ordinance of the President of the Republic of Poland of 7 August, 2012 on the specification of specimen application for the consent to renounce Polish citizenship, requirements with respect to the photography to be attached to the application and the specimen notification on the consent to renounce Polish citizenship (Journal of Laws, item 928).